Equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS) is a type of horse colic ailment, commonly known as “equine gastric ulcer.” Scientifically, it is defined as the erosion of the horse’s uterine lining due to excessive and prolonged contact with acid that is produced by the stomach.
A gastric ulcer may range from a mildly inflamed stomach lining to a more severe and widespread wearing down of the stomach lining leading to bleeding. Foals tend to have a thinner cell lining and are more prone to gastric ulceration than horse adults.
2 Types of Gastric Ulcer:
Squamous Ulceration – this happens in the dorsal region of the stomach where it is covered by squamous epithelium. Ulcers happen here as a result of acid secretion.
Glandular Ulceration – this happens in the ventral region where it is filled with glandular epithelium which serves as the protective layer in the stomach wall. Ulceration happens in this area when the mucus layer is torn down by acid.
Top Risk Factors for Equine Gastric Ulcer:
Feed and Diet. As the horses’ stomach continuously produces acid for digestion, casual meals will lead to ulceration. Concentrated feeds will also contribute to the development of the ulcer.
Exercise. This is the most common cause of ulcers among racehorses. By fact, blood aids in removing acid in the stomach. Since exercise slows down the flow of blood to the stomach and increases pressure in the abdomen area,.
Medication. Some medications can have adverse effects in the gastric area of horses. Some medications inhibit the production of internal substances which help protect the horse’s stomach.
Treatment for Gastric Ulcer:
Equine medication for horse colic (caused by gastric ulcer) is safe. Some medications, such as omeprazole. Be attentive of a dosage level and read the label carefully on equine pharmaceutical packages, as the excessive dosage of equine medications will lead to the more severe case of horse colic conditions.